Effects and health risks of obesity

by | Diet and Weightloss, Gastrointestinal Health

Dr Georgia Rigas

General Practitioner and Bariatric Physician

The health risks of obesity are many and varied. According to Dr Georgia Rigas, a Sydney-based General Practitioner and obesity expert, the effects of living with obesity can be categorised into three main areas:

    • mechanical

    • mental health

Metabolic complications include conditions such as type 2 diabetes (T2DM), fatty liver disease, ischemic heart disease (IHD), and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). These metabolic disorders are closely intertwined with obesity, and managing obesity effectively can significantly reduce the risk of developing these conditions.

Mechanical complications arise due to excessive strain placed on the body’s structures. Obesity places an additional burden on joints, leading to pain, reduced mobility, and a diminished quality of life. Wear and tear osteoarthritis, obstructive sleep apnoea, and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GORD) are all common examples of mechanical complications caused by obesity. .

Mental health is another area profoundly linked to obesity. Depression, anxiety, disordered eating patterns, and binge-eating disorder are prevalent among individuals struggling with obesity. These psychological challenges can further compound the physical health risks associated with obesity.