Consumer medicine information


Dorzolamide hydrochloride/Timolol maleate

Consumer Medicine Information

What is in this leaflet

This leaflet answers some common questions about COSDOR. It does not contain all the available information. It does not take the place of talking to your doctor or pharmacist.

All medicines have risks and benefits. Your doctor has weighed the risks of you using COSDOR against the benefits they expect it will have for you.

If you have any concerns about using this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

Keep this leaflet with the medicine. You may need to read it again.

What COSDOR is used for

COSDOR is used to lower raised pressure in the eye and to treat glaucoma. Glaucoma is a condition in which the pressure of fluid in the eye may be high. However, some people with glaucoma may have normal eye pressure. Also, some people with raised eye pressure may not have glaucoma.

Glaucoma is usually caused by a build-up of the fluid which flows through the eye. This build up occurs because the fluid drains out of your eye more slowly than it is being pumped in. Since new fluid continues to enter the eye, joining the fluid already there, the pressure continues to rise. This raised pressure may damage the back of the eye resulting in gradual loss of sight. Damage can progress so slowly that the person is not aware of this gradual loss of sight. Sometimes even normal eye pressure is associated with damage to the back of the eye.

There are usually no symptoms of glaucoma. The only way of knowing that you have glaucoma is to have your eye pressure, optic nerve and visual field checked by an eye specialist or optometrist. If glaucoma is not treated it can lead to serious problems. You may have no symptoms but eventually glaucoma can lead to total blindness. In fact, untreated glaucoma is one of the most common causes of blindness.

Although COSDOR helps control your glaucoma it does not cure it.

For more information about glaucoma, contact Glaucoma Australia Inc., PO Box 420, Crows Nest 1585, telephone 1800 500 880.

COSDOR contains two active ingredients, dorzolamide hydrochloride and timolol maleate. Both of these active ingredients lower pressure in the eye by reducing the production of fluid, but they do this in different ways.

Dorzolamide hydrochloride belongs to a family of medicines called carbonic anhydrase inhibitors. Timolol maleate belongs to a family of medicines called beta-blockers.

COSDOR is not addictive.

Before you use COSDOR

When you must not use it

Do not use COSDOR if you have an allergy to COSDOR or any of the ingredients listed at the end of this leaflet.

Do not use COSDOR if:

  • you have now or have had in the past certain serious breathing problem such as asthma, chronic obstructive lung disease (emphysema), or other breathing problems
  • you have certain heart conditions, such as slow heart rate, an irregular heartbeat, or heart failure.

Do not use COSDOR if you are breast-feeding or intend to breast-feed. Your baby may absorb this medicine from breast milk and therefore there is a possibility of harm to the baby.

Do not put the eye drops into your eye(s) while you are wearing contact lenses. The preservative in COSDOR (benzalkonium chloride) may be deposited in soft contact lenses. You can put your contact lenses back into your eyes 15 minutes after you have used COSDOR.

Do not use COSDOR if:

  • the seal around the cap is broken
  • the bottle shows signs of tampering
  • the expiry date on the pack has passed.
    If you use this medicine after the expiry date has passed, it may not work.

If it has expired or is damaged, return it to your pharmacist for disposal.

If you are not sure whether you should start taking this medicine, talk to your doctor.

There is limited experience with COSDOR in children.

Before you start to use it

Tell your doctor if:

  1. you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant or are breast-feeding.

Your doctor can discuss with you the risks and benefits involved and a decision can be made if you should or should not use it.

  1. you have any medical conditions, especially the following:
  • heart problems (such as coronary heart disease, heart failure or low blood pressure)
  • heart rate disturbances (such as slow or irregular heartbeats)
  • poor blood circulation problems (such as Raynaud’s syndrome)
  • lung or breathing problems (such as asthma or chronic obstructive lung disease)
  • diabetes or other blood sugar problems
  • thyroid disease
  • kidney disease
  • liver disease
  1. you have an allergy to sulfonamide medicines

One of the active ingredients of COSDOR, dorzolamide hydrochloride, is a sulfonamide- related compound. Therefore, if you are allergic to sulfonamide medicines you may be allergic to COSDOR. Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure whether you are allergic to sulfonamides.

  1. you are already using another beta-blocker eye drop

It is not recommended to use two beta-blocker eye drops at the same time.

  1. you have a history of allergic problems, including eczema, hives or hay fever
  2. you have had an allergy to any other medicines or any other substances, such as foods, preservatives or dyes.

If you have not told your doctor about any of the above, tell them before you use COSDOR.

Tell your doctor before you have an operation that you are using COSDOR, as it may change the effects of some medicines during anaesthesia.

Taking other medicines

Tell your doctor if you are taking any other medicines, including any that you buy without a prescription from your pharmacy, supermarket or health food shop. Some medicines and COSDOR may interfere with each other. These include:

  • medicines for high blood pressure or heart conditions, including a group of medicines called beta-blockers
  • quinidine, a medicine used to treat irregular heart beats
  • medicines to treat diabetes
  • tablets used to treat glaucoma
  • large amounts of aspirin or salicylates
  • medicines to treat depression

These medicines may be affected by COSDOR or may affect how well it works. You may need different amounts of your medicines, or you may need to take different medicines.

Your doctor or pharmacist has more information on medicines to be careful with or avoid while using COSDOR.

How to use COSDOR

Follow all directions given to you by your doctor or pharmacist carefully. They may differ from the information contained in this leaflet.

If you do not understand the instructions on the pack, ask your doctor or pharmacist for help.

How much to use

Your doctor will tell you how many drops you need to use each day.

Use COSDOR only when prescribed by your doctor.

The usual dose for adults is one drop of COSDOR twice a day, in either one or both eyes.

Follow all directions given to you by your doctor carefully. They may differ from the information contained in this leaflet.

Use COSDOR every day, at about the same time each day, unless your doctor tells you otherwise. Using your eye drops at the same time each day will have the best effect on your eye pressure. It will also help you remember when to use the eye drops.

After using COSDOR, wait at least 10 minutes before putting any other eye drops in your eye(s).

How to use it

You may find it easier to put drops in your eye while you are sitting or lying down.

Before opening the bottle for the first time, make sure the Safety Strip on the front of the bottle is not broken. If it is, do not use the bottle and return it to your pharmacist.

You will notice a small space between the cap and the bottle- this is normal.

If you are wearing soft contact lenses, remove them before putting the drops in your eye.

  1. Wash your hands well with soap and water.
  2. To open the bottle for the first time, tear off the Safety Strip to break the seal. Then hold the bottle upright, and turn the cap in the direction of the arrows until you can lift it off.
  3. Place the cap upside down (arrows face down) on a flat surface. Do not touch the inside of the cap. This will help keep the inside of the cap clean and keep germs out of the eye drops.
  4. Hold the bottle upside down in one hand, with your thumb or index finger over the “finger push” area.
  5. Using your other hand, gently pull down your lower eyelid to form a pouch.
  6. Tilt your head back and look up.
  7. Put the tip of the bottle close to your lower eyelid. Do not let it touch your eye.
  8. Release one drop into the pouch formed between your eye and eyelid by gently squeezing the bottle. Close your eye and keep it closed.
  9. Do not blink or rub your eye.
  10. While your eye is still closed, place your index finger against the inside corner of your eye and press against your nose for about two minutes. This will help to stop the medicine from draining through the tear duct to the nose and throat, from where it can be absorbed into other parts of your body. Ask your doctor for more specific instructions on this technique.
  11. Replace the cap, sealing it tightly. Do not overtighten the cap.
  12. Wash your hands again with soap and water to remove any residue.

Wait at least 15 minutes before replacing your contact lenses.

Be careful not to touch the dropper tip against your eye, eyelid or anything else to avoid contaminating the eye drops. Contaminated eye drops may give you an eye infection.

You may feel a slight burning sensation in the eye after using the eye drops.

If this persists, or is very uncomfortable, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

How long to use it

Continue taking your medicine for as long as your doctor tells you.

This medicine helps to control your condition but does not cure it. It is important to keep taking your medicine even if you feel well. Continue using COSDOR for as long as your doctor prescribes it.

If you forget to use it

If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the dose you missed and have your next dose when you are meant to. Otherwise, use the drops as soon as you remember, and then go back to using them as you would normally.

If you are not sure what to do, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

Do not use double the amount to make up for the dose that you missed.

If you have trouble remembering to use your eye drops, ask your pharmacist for some hints.

If you use too much (overdose)

If you think that you or anyone else may have swallowed any or all of the contents of a bottle of COSDOR, or used too many drops, immediately telephone your doctor or Poisons Information Centre (telephone 13 11 26) for advice, or go to accident or emergency at your nearest hospital. Do this even if there are no signs of discomfort or poisoning. You may need urgent medical attention.

If COSDOR is accidentally swallowed, or if you use too many drops, you may feel light-headed or dizzy, you may faint, have a very slow pulse rate, or have wheezing or difficulty breathing.

While you are using COSDOR

Things you must do

Have your eye pressure checked when your eye specialist says, to make sure COSDOR is working.

If you develop an eye infection, receive an eye injury, or have eye surgery tell your doctor.

Your doctor may tell you to use a new bottle of COSDOR because of possible contamination of the old one, or may advise you to stop your treatment with COSDOR.

If you are about to be started on any new medicine, remind your doctor and pharmacist that you are using COSDOR.

If you become pregnant while taking this medicine, tell your doctor immediately.

Things you must not do

Do not give your medicine to anyone else, even if they have the same condition as you.

Do not stop using your medicine or lower the dosage without checking with your doctor. If you stop using your eye drops, your eye pressure may rise again and damage to your eye may occur.

Things to be careful of

Be careful driving or operating machinery until you know how COSDOR affects you. COSDOR generally does not cause any problems with your ability to drive a car or operate machinery. However, COSDOR may cause blurred vision or dizziness in some people. Make sure you know how you react to COSDOR or that your vision is clear before driving a car or operating machinery.

Side effects

Tell your doctor or pharmacist as soon as possible if you do not feel well while you are using COSDOR.

This medicine helps most people with high eye pressure and glaucoma, but it may have unwanted side effects in a few people. All medicines can have side effects. Sometimes they are serious, most of the time they are not. You may need medical treatment if you get some of the side effects.

Do not be alarmed by the following lists of side effects. You may not experience any of them.

Ask your doctor or pharmacist to answer any questions you may have.

Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you notice any of the following and they worry you:

  • problems with your eye/s such as:
    – blurred vision, double vision or other visual problems
    – allergic reactions including redness, swelling and/or itching of the eye
    – burning and stinging of the eyes, eye pain
    – watering of the eyes or discharge
    – conjunctivitis
    – irritation or feeling of having something in the eye, dry eyes
    – swelling of the eyelids, drooping of the eyelids
  • difficulty thinking or working because of:
    – headache
    – tiredness, weakness
    – ringing or buzzing in the ears
    – difficulty sleeping, nightmares
    – changes in mood such as depression, memory loss
  • mouth or stomach problems
    – feeling sick (nausea), upset stomach, stomach pain
    – diarrhoea
    – bitter or abnormal taste, dry mouth
  • respiratory problems
    – cough
    – sore throat and discomfort when swallowing
    – cold or flu-like symptoms such as sneezing, runny nose, cough, red or infected throat
    – feeling of tension or fullness in the nose, cheeks and behind your eyes, sometimes with a throbbing ache, also called sinusitis
  • changes in the way your hands and feet feel such as:
    – cold hands or feet
    – numbness, tingling and colour change (white, blue then red) in fingers when exposed to the cold (Raynaud’s Phenomenon)
    – numbness or tingling in the fingers or toes
  • symptoms of a urinary tract infection including an urge to urinate frequently and in small amounts, or painful burning when passing urine
  • back pain
  • nose bleeds
  • hair loss or thinning
  • less desire for sex

The above list includes the more common side effects of your medicine. They are usually mild and short-lived.

Tell your doctor as soon as possible if you notice any of the following:

  • fast or irregular heartbeats, also called palpitations
  • slow or irregular heart beats
  • dizziness and light-headedness, which may be due to low blood pressure
  • skin rash, itching
  • swelling of the hands, feet or ankles

The above list includes serious side effects that may require urgent medical attention. Serious side effects are rare.

If any of the following happen, stop using COSDOR and tell your doctor immediately or go to accident and emergency at your nearest hospital:

  • wheezing, difficulty in breathing, shortness of breath
  • very slow pulse, chest pain
  • fainting
  • swelling of the face, lips, mouth, tongue or throat which may cause difficulty in breathing or swallowing
  • severe and sudden onset of pinkish, itchy swellings on the skin, also called hives or nettle rash

The above list includes very serious side effects. You may need urgent medical attention or hospitalisation. These side effects are rare.

Other side effects not listed above may also occur in some patients. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you notice anything that is making you feel unwell.

After using COSDOR


Keep your eye drops in a cool dry place where the temperature stays below 25°C.

Do not store COSDOR or any other medicine in the bathroom or near a sink. Do not leave it on a window sill or in the car.

Do not carry the eye drops in pockets of your clothes. Heat and dampness can destroy some medicines.

Keep the eye drops away from light.

Keep it where children cannot reach it. A locked cupboard at least one-and- a-half metres above the ground is a good place to store medicines.

Do not leave the cap off the bottle for any length of time to avoid contaminating the eye drops.


Write the date on the bottle when you open the eye drops and throw out any remaining solution after four weeks (28 days). Eye drops contain a preservative which helps prevent germs growing in the solution for the first four weeks after opening the bottle. After this time there is a greater risk that the drops may become contaminated and cause an eye infection. A new bottle should be opened.

If your doctor tells you to stop taking this medicine or the expiry date has passed, ask your pharmacist what to do with any medicine that is left over.

Product description

How it is provided

COSDOR comes as eye drops in a 5 mL bottle.

What it looks like

COSDOR is a clear, slightly viscous, colourless liquid


COSDOR contains dorzolamide hydrochloride 2%w/v and timolol maleate 0.5% w/v as the active ingredients.

The drops also contain the following inactive ingredients:

  • sodium citrate dihydrate
  • hyetellose
  • sodium hydroxide
  • mannitol
  • water for injection
  • benzalkonium chloride as preservative


COSDOR is supplied in Australia by:

Alphapharm Pty Ltd trading as Viatris
Level 1, 30 The Bond
30-34 Hickson Road
Millers Point NSW 2000
Phone: 1800 274 276

This leaflet was prepared in March 2022.

Australian registration number:
AUST R 217250


Published by MIMS May 2022