Kids' & Teens' Health topics
Common childhood concerns (H-Z)
Bed-wetting Wetting the bed: find out about the causes, effects on children and available treatments for bed-wetting. Habit cough in children A habit cough is a cough that occurs in the absence of any underlying disease. The cough is usually loud, harsh, honking or barking. Head lice Head lice (or nits), which live and breed in hair or on the scalp, can be treated by wet combing with a conditioner or with various shampoos and lotions. Head lice machine treats lice without chemicals A mechanical head lice treatment that uses heat and air pressure to kill lice has attracted interest in Australia, but has some limitations. Healthy diet for children Find out how to encourage better nutrition in children. Hearing impairment and schoolchildren Hearing impairments affect a child's listening ability and can therefore often interfere with their educational and social development. Hearing problems in children Poor hearing is a serious problem for children, affecting the ability to speak, read and be educated. Heat stroke and heat exhaustion Heat exhaustion and heat stroke occur when the body's cooling system is overloaded; heat stroke requires urgent treatment to prevent death or permanent disability. High cholesterol in children High cholesterol levels in children can be due to certain eating patterns and genetic factors. Find out about testing and treatment. Hydrocoeles Hydrocoeles are fluid-filled bags occurring in the scrotum. Impetigo Impetigo - sometimes called school sores - is a very contagious skin infection. It is most common in children and infants. Infrared thermometers fail test for children with fever Infrared skin thermometers and tympanic (ear) thermometers are not as accurate as traditional thermometers for detecting fever in children, studies suggest. Iron deficiency anaemia in children Iron deficiency anaemia is often due to insufficient iron in the diet. Find out about prevention and treatment. Juvenile chronic arthritis Juvenile chronic arthritis a condition that causes inflammation of the joints affects approximately one child in 1,000. Kawasaki disease Kawasaki disease is an illness in which there is inflammation of the blood vessels (vasculitis). Find out about the symptoms and treatment of this childhood illness. Knock knees Knock knees (genu valgum) is common in young children. The legs usually straighten as the child grows. Lung function testing in children Lung function tests are done for a variety of reasons in children. Find out about the available tests, including spirometry and peak flow measurement. Measles cases double in 2011 Measles cases in Australia so far in 2011 are almost double the number in 2010, mainly in people who were not vaccinated or only partly vaccinated. Middle ear infection and grommets Infection of the middle ear is the most common cause of temporary hearing loss in children. Night terrors Children who experience night terrors usually have no particular emotional or psychological problem. Obstructive sleep apnoea in children Find out more about obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), including the causes, symptoms and treatment. Osgood-Schlatter disease Osgood-Schlatter disease causes knee pain in teenagers. Find out about the causes, symptoms and treatment. Otitis media in children Otitis media (middle ear infection) is a common childhood illness that typically causes earache and fever. Overweight kids lack movement skills for exercise Overweight and obese children often lack the basic movement skills needed for sport and exercise, such as kicking, sliding and hopping, an Australian study shows. Peanut allergy in children Peanut allergy is the most common serious food allergy in children. About three in every 100 pre-school children are allergic to peanuts. Pigeon toes Many children have intoeing, or 'pigeon toes', a condition in which the feet point inward. Port wine stains Port wine stains are birthmarks made up of tiny blood vessels. They are relatively common, occurring in 3 out of every 1000 babies. Pulled elbow Pulled elbow happens when a child's outstretched arm is pulled suddenly. An affected child is usually crying and won't move their arm. Reflux in children Many babies and small children experience heartburn, or acid reflux. Scoliosis Scoliosis means an abnormal lateral (sideways) curvature of the spine. Find out about the diagnosis and treatment of this condition. Soft drink consumption alarming in Aussie kids Eighty per cent of Australian children are regularly consuming carbonated soft drinks and other sugar-laden beverages, and they mostly do it at home, study shows. Sore eyes Conjunctivitis is the most common cause of sore eyes. Find out about conjunctivitis and symptoms that indicate a more serious eye problem. Sore throat: what you need to know Sore throat - find out about home remedies, pain relief, when antibiotics are needed and when to see the doctor. Stye A stye (sty) or hordeolum is an infection of a follicle or gland at the base of an eyelash. Taste less sensitive in obese kids Obese children and adolescents are less sensitive to tastes than their normal-weight counterparts. Temperatures and febrile convulsions in children A raised temperature (fever) is a common event in childhood, but there are some steps that can help. Thongs considered healthy footwear for kids Thongs may actually be healthy footwear for children for short periods, academics say. Threadworms (pinworms) Threadworms do not go away by themselves, so they must be treated in order to eradicate them. Thyroid disease in children Learn about the signs, symptoms and treatment of thyroid disease in children. Tonsillitis Tonsillitis is common in children but anyone can catch it. Find out more about the symptoms and treatment for tonsillitis. Tuberous sclerosis Tuberous sclerosis is a genetic disorder that causes tuber-like growths in the brain and other vital organs. Some people are mildly affected. Tuberous sclerosis: genetics Tuberous sclerosis is an hereditary disease carried by a dominant gene. Tuberous sclerosis: signs and symptoms The genetic changes that cause Tuberous Sclerosis can lead to signs of TSC in many different organs of the body. This section proviudes in-depth information about the different signs and symptoms of TSC. TV viewing cuts life expectancy Every hour spent watching television may shorten your life by 22 minutes, Australian researchers say. Undescended testicles About 4 or 5 out of every 100 boys are born with undescended testicles - a condition known as cryptorchidism. Urinary tract infections in children Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are relatively common in children. FInd out about the symptoms, tests, treatment and follow-up. World Haemophilia Day World Haemophilia Day is celebrated around the world on 17 April to increase awareness of haemophilia and other inherited bleeding disorders. Worms Threadworms: find out about symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and how to avoid re-infection.